Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
King of Bhutan
Date of birth: Feb. 21, 1980
Assumed power on: Dec. 14, 2006
How he got to the top: His father handed him the position.
In a benevolent effort to move his Switzerland-sized Himalayan kingdom of 600,000 from a monarchy to a democracy, his fatherthe previous kingabdicated in December 2006 and passed the throne to Prince Jigme, who fittingly has a masters degree in politics from Oxford University. The Land of the Thunder Dragon became the worlds newest democracy in March when Bhutanese went to the polls for the first time ever to elect a 47-seat National Assembly. The handsome king will remain as the countrys head of state, but he is committed to guiding Bhutans democratization.
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Prime Minister of Dominica
Date of birth: June 8, 1972
Assumed power on: Jan. 8, 2004
How he got to the top: The right person died at the right time.
After earning degrees in English and psychology from the University of Mississippi and New Mexico State University, respectively, Skerrit became an instructor at a Dominican community college. Elected to Dominicas parliament in 2000, he eventually became the education minister of the poor Caribbean country. When former Prime Minister Pierre Charles abruptly died from an apparent heart attack, Skerrit was selected by his Dominica Labor Party to replace him. Shortly thereafter, he revoked his countrys recognition of Taiwan and established formal relations with China. The Chinese government had offered $122 million in aid, about $1,700 per Dominican.
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President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date of birth: June 4, 1971
Assumed power on: Jan. 26, 2001
How he got to the top: His father was killed.
Father Laurent Kabila, the previous president, was assassinated by his bodyguard in 2001, and the younger Kabiladescribed as soft-spoken and reservedbecame his successor. A former guerrilla fighter who trained in China and spent a decade in the military campaign that ousted dictator Mobutu Sese Seko in 1997, Joseph Kabila made history in 2006 when he won the DRCs presidential election and became his countrys first democratically elected leader since independence in 1960. The elections have brought relative stability to the country after decades of war, and during Kabilas tenure, the DRC has entered into lucrative mining deals with foreign investors.
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Prime Minister of Macedonia
Date of birth: Aug. 31, 1970
Assumed power on: Aug. 27, 2006
How he got to the top: His party won parliamentary elections.
Gruevski, a former amateur boxer who earned a masters degree in economics in 2006, has a rsum that includes president and founder of the Brokers Association of the Republic of Macedonia (1998), minister of trade (1998 to 1999), and minister of finance (1999 to 2002). He became a member of Parliament in 2002 and has been head of the center-right VMRO-DPMNE party since 2003. When the VRMO-DPMNE won the 2006 parliamentary elections, Gruevski was asked to form a new government. His party claimed victory in parliamentary elections in June that were marred by violence in ethnically Albanian areas.
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President of Nauru
Date of birth: Oct. 1, 1969
Assumed power on: Dec. 19, 2007
How he got to the top: His predecessor received a no-confidence vote.
Stephen is strongliterally. He competed in the 1992, 1996, and 2000 Olympics as a weightlifter and won 12 medals in the Commonwealth Games between 1990 and 2002. His most impressive performance was lifting 172.5 kg (380 lbs.) in the 62 kg (137 lb.) weight class in the 1999 world championships. On a Pacific island of 14,000, that made the 160 cm (5-foot-3-inch) Stephen a national hero. He was elected to Parliament in 2003, and when the 18-member body gave former President Ludwig Scotty a no-confidence vote last year, Stephen was sworn in. His tenure has been stormy.
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King of Swaziland
Date of birth: April 19, 1968
Assumed power on: April 25, 1986
How he got to the top: His father, the previous king, died.
Mswati was crowned king a mere six days after his 18th birthday, and the country has been a train wreck ever since. An estimated 26 percent of Swazis between ages 15 and 49 are HIV positive, one of the highest rates in the world. Mswatis brilliant solution: a sex ban. In 2001, he instated the uncwasho rite, which put a five-year ban on sex for females under 18. The move proved unpopular, especially after Mswatiwho at last count had 13 wives and at least 23 childrenmarried a 17-year-old. The ban was lifted a year early.
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President of Georgia
Date of birth: Dec. 21, 1967
Assumed power on: Jan. 25, 2004
How he got to the top: He led the Rose Revolution.
Educated in law at Columbia University and George Washington University through an Edmund S. Muskie fellowship, Saakashvili was elected to Georgias Parliament in 1995. In 2000, he became the countrys justice minister and spearheaded crackdowns on corruption. That soured his relationship with then President Eduard Shevardnadze. In November 2003, tens of thousands Georgians took to the streets to protest flawed parliamentary elections. After days of demonstrations, Saakashvili and supporters stormed the parliament building, waving roses. Shevardnadze resigned, and Saakashvili was elected president the following January, a position he won again in this Januarys elections.
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President of Togo
Date of birth: June 6, 1966
Assumed power on: Feb. 5, 2005
How he got to the top: His father groomed him for the position.
Gnassingbes father, Gnassingbe Eyadema, ruled Togo with an iron fist after a 1967 coup. He prepared his sonwho has an MBA from George Washington Universityto be his successor by letting him tag along at official functions and appointing him minister of public works, mines, and telecommunications in 2003. Eyadema died in February 2005, and the military installed Gnassingbe as president even though the constitution said the parliaments speaker was to assume power. Under international pressure, Gnassingbe stepped down 20 days later, but he won the presidency in a disputed April 2005 election that sparked violence clashes.
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Prime Minister of Bulgaria
Date of birth: May 5, 1966
Assumed power on: Aug. 17, 2005
How he got to the top: He politicked his way to the top of his party.
After earning a Ph.D. in history, he worked as a journalist, covering foreign policy. He became a foreign-policy advisor for the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP) in 1995 and was elected to Bulgarias National Assembly in 2001. Later that year, he became the BSPs chairman. In June 2005, the BSP won the largest number of seats in parliament, and after two months of deadlock, the National Assembly voted him prime minister. A relative youngster, he has shown off his wild side: Referring to his longtime live-in girlfriend Elena Yoncheva, he arrived at a 2002 BSP event on a motorcycle with a sign on his back that said, If you are reading this, Elena must have fallen off on the way.
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President of Russia
Date of birth: Sept. 14, 1965
Assumed power on: May 7, 2008
How he got to the top: He stayed tight with former President Vladimir Putin.
After training as a lawyer, Medvedev worked with Putin in the St. Petersburg Mayors Office in the 1990s. By 2000, he was heading Putins presidential campaign. In the early 2000s Medvedev served as chairman of Gazprom, Russias natural gas monopoly, and in 2005 became first deputy prime minister in Putins administration. He was Putins handpicked successor and easily won Marchs presidential election. Medvedev let Putin be prime minister, leading many to wonder whos really running the show. Among Medvedevs youthful interests: hard-rock group Deep Purple. He listened to banned recordings as a 13-year-old in the late 1970s, and this February when the group was flown to the Kremlin for a concert, he was beaming.