After U.S. President Barack Obama's first 100 days in office, Foreign Policy invited some of its favorite bloggers, pundits, and political experts to analyze his foreign policy and help us create a report card for the young administration. The bulk of our respondents gave Bs, with a final score in the B+ range.
FP repeated the exercise on the one-year anniversary of Obama's historic election, with much international-affairs water under the bridge: his speech in Cairo, the leadership switch in Afghanistan, and the protracted back-and-forth with Israel over settlements, for instance.
This time, the experts have stopped grading on the curve. Obama scored only an average of a B-: five As, nine Bs, four Cs, and five Ds.
What happened? Some argue that Obama's real policies haven't (and couldn't possibly) match his rhetorical brilliance. Others argue he has punted where he should have played, such as on the question of strategy in Afghanistan and the presidential crisis in Honduras. Still others argue that while the sheen may have faded, the policies remain sound.
FP has grouped the responses by grade. Click through for the full report -- and check out the loyal opposition's response on the Shadow Government blog.
"In the next year, Obama's final grade will depend on such issues as his decisions on Afghanistan and how he handles an Iran that refuses to live up to its commitments. But if the past is prologue, he should do well."
Lawrence J. Korb of the Center for American Progress
Paul Cruickshank of the Center for Law and Security at New York University
Parag Khanna of the New America Foundation
Charles A. Kupchan of the Council on Foreign Relations and Georgetown University
"Progress has been evolutionary, not revolutionary, because U.S. policy is rooted in national interests that do not change dramatically with a change in the occupant of the White House."
"While the administration cannot be blamed for the mess it inherited, it as of yet offers no real strategy for the future."
J. Alexander Thier of the U.S. Institute of Peace
Paul Pillar of Georgetown University
Dmitri Trenin of the Carnegie Moscow Center
Sharon Kelly of Human Rights First
Erica Gaston of the Open Society Institute
Sarah E. Mendelson of the Center for Strategic and International Studies
James Joyner of the Atlantic Council
Fawaz A. Gerges of the London School of Economics
Shuja Nawaz of the Atlantic Council
"The Obama appeal? It is fading fast."
"On AfPak and Iran, he is a better Hamlet than Jude Law on Broadway"
Geneive Abdo of the Century Foundation and InsideIran.org
Ted Galen Carpenter of the Cato Institute
Gianni Riotta of Il Sole 24 Ore
Roque Planas of New York University
Philip I. Levy of the American Enterprise Institute
"It seems almost a cheap shot to give the president low marks on a foreign policy that is so obviously failing."
"The president's UN general assembly speech presented the problem: Obama positioned himself above the nation, mediating between us and the world, his job to restrain America's ugly aggressive instincts and apologize for past crimes. No wonder friends and allies wonder where this all leads."
Elliott Abrams of the Council on Foreign Relations
Otto J. Reich of the George W. Bush administration
Michael Scheuer of the CIA
Danielle Pletka of the American Enterprise Institute