"Other Countries Want to Follow the China Model."
Good Luck. Of course, many developing countries are envious of China's rise. Which poor country wouldn't want three decades of 10 percent annual growth? And which despot wouldn't want 10 percent growth and an assurance that he or she would meanwhile stay in power for the long haul? China undoubtedly has important lessons to teach other countries about how to manage development, from fine-tuning reforms by testing them in different parts of the country to managing urbanization so that large cities are not overrun by slums and shantytowns.
Moreover, China has done this while consciously flouting advice from the West, using the market without being seduced by its every little charm. For years, foreign bankers trekked to Beijing to sell the gospel of financial liberalization, telling Chinese officials to float their currency and open their capital account. Who could blame China's leaders for detecting the evident self-interest in such advice and rejecting it? China's success has given rise to the fashionable notion of a new "Beijing Consensus" that eschews the imposition of free markets and democracy that were hallmarks of the older "Washington Consensus." In its place, the Beijing Consensus supposedly offers pragmatic economics and made-to-order authoritarian politics.
But look closer at the China model, and it is clear that it is not so easily replicated. Most developing countries do not have China's bureaucratic depth and tradition, nor do they have the ability to mobilize resources and control personnel in the way that China's party structure allows. Could the Democratic Republic of the Congo ever establish and manage an Organization Department? China's authoritarianism works because it has the party's resources to back it up.