If most Egyptians understand their faith's sacred law to promote equality, then contrary to conventional wisdom, we might actually expect practicing religious Egyptians to be more in favor of women's rights than their non-practicing compatriots. That is in fact the case -- but only for men. Men who reported attending a religious service in the past week were more likely than men who did not to say they supported equal rights for women (data from 2005). However, women who attended a religious service were as likely as women who did not to favor equal legal rights for women. This suggests that for men, anti-women cultural trends are somewhat mitigated by religious teachings to the contrary. After all, it was Egypt's grand mufti, Ali Gomaa, who declared in an official fatwa (religious legal opinion) that women could serve as judges, even as secular judges rejected the notion. It was also his legal opinion that female genital mutilation was against Islam, despite Egypt's cultural norms which result in the circumcision of the majority of both Muslim and Christian girls.