Tunisia, the birthplace of the Arab Spring, has also seen its youth play a vital role in the protests that overthrew President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in January. According to German analysts, school books may have helped instigate the protests there. The The Tunisian curriculum exposed children to human rights that didn't match the local political reality. A Tunisian philosophy teacher, Sarhan Dhouib, who contributed to the study, said that schools in Tunisia encouraged students to think about democracy, noting that "the curriculum there covers both Arab philosophers and western ones like Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel."
Above, a child stands next to soldiers during a demonstration in Tunis outside Tunisian Prime Minister Mohammed Ghannouchi's office calling for his resignation, on Jan. 23.