The List

Beach Books for Wonks

Looking for some good summer reading? We asked our favorite contributors to suggest what books to pack along for a sunny afternoon.

Gary J. Bass, professor of politics and international affairs at Princeton University:

Joseph Lelyveld, Great Soul: Mahatma Gandhi and His Struggle with India. An epic account of Gandhi's unfinished struggles against racism, Hindu-Muslim hatreds, caste, and poverty. Evocative, humane, incisive, and beautifully written.

David Rohde and Kristen Mulvihill, A Rope and a Prayer: A Kidnapping from Two Sides. A super-sad true love story by the New York Times reporter who escaped from Taliban captivity, and his wife, who struggled to save him. A propulsive and harrowing read, packed with hard-won lessons about the Taliban, journalism, and bravery.

Petina Gappah, An Elegy for Easterly. A collection of lyrical, accomplished stories about lives in Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe. Full of compassion, satire, and wit.

 

Aaron David Miller, public policy scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars:

Raymond Chandler's classic detective novel The Big Sleep. A book filled with life lessons for foreign-policy practitioners and analysts, as well as normal human beings. It's a cautionary and complex tale of deception, ambiguity, and illusion with real resonance for our current predicament in the Middle East.

Reinhold Niebuhr, The Irony of American History. Still the best take on the folly that America can (and should) run the world.

 

David E. Hoffman, Foreign Policy contributing editor and author of the Pulitzer Prize-winning book The Dead Hand:

Ben Macintyre, Agent Zigzag: A True Story of Nazi Espionage, Love, and Betrayal. A story of espionage and betrayal during World War II, brilliantly told and perfect for the beach.

Tom Rachman, The Imperfectionists. For those who feel nostalgia or just plain curiosity about the wonders of daily newspapers and the life of journalists abroad, this is one you won't put down.

 

Gary Sick, professor at Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs:

Bharati Mukherjee, Miss New India. An engaging look at the changes that have swept India in the past 20 or so years as advances in technology have opened doors to newfound prosperity and many young, savvy, and ambitious Indians have poured through those doors.

Ian McEwan, Black Dogs. An encounter with two huge, ferocious dogs is used as an overarching metaphor for the presence of evil in the world. Short, pithy, fast reading; full of suspense; thought-provoking. A little masterpiece by one of the great writers of our time.

Karen Russell, Swamplandia!. Novelist Carl Hiaasen says: "This was the first time I've read Karen Russell's work, and I was dazzled. It's very rare, among the tonnage of manuscripts and galleys that land upon one's desk, to come across a young novelist so inventive and versatile, yet so thoroughly in control. Also, I'm a sucker for any plot line that features man-eating reptiles." A summer feast!

 

Julia Ioffe, FP Moscow correspondent:

Edward P. Jones, The Known World. Besides the utterly beautiful writing and captivating, counterintuitive plot -- it's about blacks owning slaves in the pre-Civil War South -- this book turned my brain inside out. In a good way.

Vladimir Nabokov, Laughter in the Dark. This is one of Nabokov's lesser-known works, and because it's a very early one, it is rawer, more experimental than the novel it was clearly a proto-version of -- Lolita.

Vladimir Sorokin, Day of the Oprichnik. The first of a dystopian trilogy, it has just been translated -- twice -- for an American audience. I can't speak for the quality of the translations or how Sorokin's dark, violent world (a metaphor for High Putinism) translates for an American eye, but the original is powerful, compelling, and utterly disturbing.

V.S. Naipaul, A House for Mr. Biswas; Margaret Atwood, The Blind Assassin. To my mind, these are probably the best "beach read," complex family sagas -- with a heavy side of tragicomedy -- that suck you into their richly textured universes. A perfect distraction from the heat.

 

Paul Salopek, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist currently at work on The Mule Diaries, a book about wandering:

Ryszard Kapuscinski, The Shadow of the Sun. Not new, and not really about Africa as much as it is about the author's mind. But he's got a brilliant one. And he's always complaining about the heat.

J.M. Coetzee, Diary of a Bad Year. A funny elegy to deep thinking -- and deep writing -- by the South African Nobelist.

 

Daniel W. Drezner, professor of international politics at Tufts University's Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy:

John le Carré, The Secret Pilgrim. The spy thriller is the one crossover between international relations and bestselling fiction. This one features Le Carré at his most reflective, as his alter ego George Smiley and Smiley's pupil Ned recount their Cold War adventures. More a collection of short stories than a novel, the tales crackle with wit and flair.

Max Brooks, World War Z: An Oral History of the Zombie War. I'd like to think I know a thing or two about zombies, and this book is the one thing I recommend to even those who don't like the genre. Starting with an absurd premise, Brooks tells a Studs Terkel tale of a war against zombies 10 years after its end. The writing spans the globe from China to Brazil to South Africa to the United States, and Brooks perfectly captures how every major country in the world would likely respond to such a threat.

Jhumpa Lahiri, Unaccustomed Earth. Lahiri's protagonists are usually Indians navigating the Western world, feeling the pull of modernity on one side and the tug of tradition on the other. This collection of short stories -- especially the last one -- captures the ways in which Lahiri can translate the global into the particular.

Will Inboden, distinguished scholar at the Strauss Center for International Security and Law at the University of Texas-Austin:

My criteria for a good summer read are threefold: that the book can keep me awake either on the beach or in bed at night, that it teach me something new, and that it not be too "academic," i.e. not a book that I would assign in one of my graduate classes. So for those foreign-policy mavens out there who are looking for captivating reading that will still enhance your insights about the human condition, here are my suggestions:

Sam Tanenhaus, Whittaker Chambers: A Biography. Chambers, one of the most enigmatic and prophetic voices of the 20th century, meets a biographer worthy of his dramatic life in Tanenhaus.

Langdon Gilkey, Shantung Compound: A Story of Men and Women Under Pressure. A gripping firsthand account of life in a prison camp in Japanese-occupied China during World War II that also presents a disquieting account of human nature.

Carlos Eire, Waiting for Snow in Havana: Confessions of a Cuban Boy. An enchanting, elegantly rendered memoir of a boyhood in pre-Castro Cuba.

 

Thomas E. Ricks, FP contributing editor and Center for a New American Security senior fellow:

I just finished David Ignatius's new novel, Bloodmoney, which is set mainly in Pakistan, the United States, and London. I think anyone who reads FP would enjoy it.

I think fiction must use a different part of the brain. I wouldn't read an academic analysis of CIA-ISI relations until past midnight, but after a long day of travel, I stayed up hours to finish reading this book. As it happens, the other day I ran into an American diplomat who is an expert in the Middle East and strongly recommended Ignatius's previous novel, The Increment, about Iran.

So what should foreign-policy wonks read on the beach this summer? I'd say the complete works of Ignatius, which amount to a grand tour of the Middle East. Start with Agents of Innocence (Lebanon, and worth the price of admission just for the stomach-churning chapter in the middle about being an Israeli agent in Syria) and work your way with him through the region. You won't sleep any better, but you'll learn a lot. And you will be entertained.

Stephen M. Walt, Robert and Renée Belfer professor of international relations at Harvard University:

There are two kinds of beach books: those that you say you're going to read (out of a sense of professional obligation) and those guilty pleasures that you actually do read. I'm going to spend a couple of weeks on Fire Island later this summer, and here's what I'm packing:

Peter Trubowitz, Politics and Strategy: Partisan Ambition and American Statecraft. Peter's an old friend, and this book is the culmination of a research program he has been pursuing for some time now. The book seeks to explain why some U.S. leaders pursue ambitious grand strategies while others do not, using a combination of domestic and systems-level variables. I've perused the contents and skimmed a few pages, and it looks really interesting, so it's going in my beach bag.

Robert D. Kaplan, Monsoon: The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power. Kaplan is that rare journalist with a flair for big-picture strategic thinking. And he's clearly a realist, which puts him miles ahead of most people writing about U.S. strategy these days. This one I'm really looking forward to devouring.

Anatol Lieven, Pakistan: A Hard Country. Lieven has spent a lot of time in Central Asia, and he always has refreshing things to say about our engagement with that region. He is also not afraid to challenge prevailing wisdoms and self-congratulatory nostrums, which makes him even more important. I don't know nearly enough about Pakistan, and I'm hoping this book will help fill the gap.

So much for the books designed to assuage my workaholic sense of guilt at being on vacation. As for the guilty pleasures that I'm loading on my Kindle, I'll probably read another installment of Barry Eisler's saga of reluctant hit man John Rain, refresh my acquaintance with some vintage Rex Stout, and if I'm still feeling ambitious, I might make another stab at the new translation of War and Peace. Of course, I said I was going to read that one last summer, so I'm making no promises this time around.

 

James Traub, FP columnist and contributing writer for the New York Times Magazine:

Gary Shteyngart, Super Sad True Love Story. A work of science fiction half in love with the sickeningly familiar dystopia it describes. Shteyngart is a new Philip Roth -- mordant, madcap, kinky, and, withal, a Jew with spectacles on his nose and autumn in his heart.

Marti Leimbach, The Man from Saigon. A smoky, steamy novel set in Vietnam during the war. The story is not the mayhem -- though death always lurks -- but the terrible danger of love, the crossing of borders, the fear of betrayal.

Gordon S. Wood, The Creation of the American Republic. I have put aside fiction -- alas! -- as I have begun work on a biography of John Quincy Adams. So far, I have read one great book. Wood shows how the revolutionary generation turned English principles of liberty against the English, who had -- or so the claim went -- lost touch with their own great legacy.

Steve LeVine, FP contributing editor and author of The Oil and the Glory:

Henry Kissinger, On China. I want to finally understand whether I need to worry about China's rise, but I don't want to hear shallow histrionics. Among the crowd, I hope this one gives me the long view.

Ian Morris, Why the West Rules -- for Now. See above. An even longer view, but West-centric.

Michio Kaku, Physics of the Future. The long view, the other direction. Just to mix things up.

 

Parag Khanna, senior research fellow at the New America Foundation:

Pankaj Ghemawat, World 3.0. Ghemawat, famous for his "World Is Not Flat" rebuttal of Thomas Friedman, makes a reasoned and elegant case for why regional economic patterns, cultural uniqueness, and rooted cosmopolitanism are the future of globalization rather than any single cliché.

Garrett M. Graff, The Threat Matrix. With Osama bin Laden gone, counterterrorism returns to the unsexy arena of grinding intelligence gathering and police work. Graff vividly captures how over the past decade, the FBI has laudably gotten involved in the action in innovative and revealing ways.

 

Andrew Bacevich, professor of international relations and history at Boston University:

Although I rarely find time for fiction, I just now finished reading Through the Wheat, a 1923 novel by Thomas Boyd. I strongly recommend it. The book is a barely disguised account of Boyd's service as a young enlisted Marine serving on the Western Front during the War to End All Wars -- a searing, savage account of combat as experienced by those at the very tip of the spear. It is unsparing, unsentimental, and unsettling -- highly recommended for all neoconservatives still keen to send off young Americans to slay evildoers and save the world. The book made a bit of a splash when it first appeared -- attracting favorable attention from F. Scott Fitzgerald among others -- but was soon all but forgotten. Thanks to the University of Nebraska Press, however, it's currently available in a handsome and affordable paperback edition, with a helpful introduction by Brig. Gen. Edwin Howard Simmons. Apart from this very fine book, Boyd's literary legacy is pretty thin. He died young, having settled in Vermont and joined the Communist Party USA to fight for the common man! God bless him -- he'd earned the right to join whatever party he wanted to.

Blake Hounshell, FP managing editor:

 

David B. Ottaway, The King's Messenger. Somehow this gem attracted little interest when it was first published in 2008, but this masterful biography of Saudi Prince Bandar bin Sultan, by a veteran Washington Post correspondent, is even more relevant today. Bandar, the longtime Saudi ambassador to the United States and the longtime dean of the Washington diplomatic corps, is back in the limelight after years of mysterious absence. Want to understand how he operates? Read Ottaway's book.

Hisham Matar, In the Country of Men. Muammar al-Qaddafi's Libya was (is?) a terrifying place, a hall of mirrors ruled at every level by venal, evil men. Matar's haunting novel explores what happens to a little boy struggling to deal with the realization that he has unwittingly becoming part of the system.

Keith Richards, Life. Haven't yet read this brilliant, score-settling autobiography by the Rolling Stones' lead guitarist? Do yourself a favor: Put down the Economist and give Life a spin. Even if only half of what Richards remembers is true, every page will blow your mind.

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The List

Tweeter Beware

Anthony Weiner isn't the only politician who needs a lesson in Twitter-etiquette.

GEORGE LEPP

The tweeter: Candidate for provincial parliament in Niagara Falls, Canada, from the Progressive Conservative Party.

The tweet: A close-up photo of a man's genitals.

The fallout: One thing is known for sure in the scandal some are calling the Canadian Weinergate: For about 20 minutes on the night of Saturday, May 28, the lewd photo appeared on Lepp's Twitter account before it was noticed by his son, who administers the feed, and taken down. (Not before it was obtained by the Toronto Sun, however.) A spokesman for Lepp's party initially seemed to suggest that the photo had been taken inadvertently while his cell phone was on camera mode in his front pocket.

Lepp and the Conservatives later denied this implausible explanation, saying instead that his phone had been stolen by attendees at an anime convention that was being held in the same hotel where he was giving a speech. (Despite the theft of his phone and the posting of the photos, however, Lepp never contacted the police.) Lepp says he is now trying to move on with his campaign, though it might be wise to let his son vet all outgoing tweets from here on out.

GARETH COMPTON

The tweeter: British councilor for Erdington in the Birmingham city government.

The tweet: "Can someone please stone Yasmin Alibhai-Brown to death? I shan't tell Amnesty if you don't. It would be a blessing, really. #R5L"

The fallout: The Tory councilor posted this comment in Nov. 2010 after listening to a Radio 5 Live (R5L) interview with Alibhai-Brown, a prominent newspaper columnist, in which she argued that any British politician who supported the Iraq war lacked the moral authority to criticize human rights abuses in other countries. Compton quickly deleted the comment, describing it as an "ill-conceived attempt at humour." But Alibhai, a Muslim of Indian descent, was not satisfied with Compton's apology, describing his initial remark as "incitement to murder" and "racially motivated." Compton was arrested on charges of hate speech and suspended from the Conservative Party.  

Perhaps he should have listened to his party leader, now Prime Minister David Cameron, who warned in 2009 that "The trouble with Twitter, the instantness of it -- too many twits might make a twat." (Actually, Cameron had to apologize for that comment as well.)

PETE HOEKSTRA

The tweeter: Then U.S. representative from Ohio

The tweet: "Just landed in Baghdad"

The fallout: As a former ranking member of the House Intelligence Committee, Hoekstra was routinely expected to keep sensitive information secret. So it was particularly bizarre in Feb. 2009, when he tweeted his arrival in Baghdad, along with a delegation led by House GOP leader John Boehner, on a trip that news outlets had been specifically requested to keep secret for security reasons.

Hoekstra didn't stop there, continuing to tweet details of the delegation's itinerary -- "Moved into green zone by helicopter Iraqi flag now over palace. Headed to new US embassy. Appears calmer less chaotic than previous here" -- every few hours. Thankfully, Hoekstra doesn't seem to have had any insurgents as followers.

YVES LETERME

The tweeter: Prime minister of Belgium.

The tweet: "Not at all. Want to learn to know you. You to?"

The fallout: Leterme wrote, and then quickly deleted, the cryptic, broken-English message while traveling to the Democratic Republic of the Congo for a ceremony commemorating the 50th anniversary of its independence from Belgium. The prime minister followed up the message with an explanation saying the tweet had been meant for a "correspondent" he had met at a reception, continuing: "It must be the heat. :-)"

The Belgian media speculated that the married Leterme may have been flirting with someone, but Leterme denied this -- sort of -- telling journalists that the "message was not addressed to a woman but to a man." The main damage may be to Leterme's claim to be fluent in English.

SHASHI THAROOR

The tweeter: Former Indian minister of state for external affairs.

The tweet: "Absolutely, in cattle class out of solidarity with all our holy cows."

The fallout: Tharoor, a former under-secretary general of the United Nations and widely read columnist and author, was something of a pioneer among Indian politicians using Twitter, and today he boasts more than a million followers. But the feed has gotten him into trouble on occasion as well, such as when he made the above comment in response to a question about whether he would ride "cattle class" on the train as part of a government austerity drive. (Tharoor had recently been asked by the party to move out of a five-star hotel where he had been staying for over three months.)  The remark was seen as not only elitist but mocking his own party's policies. Tharoor was reprimanded by the party and disciplinary action was considered, but Prime Minister Manmohan Singh later dismissed the comment as "a joke."  

A twitter revelation of a different kind proved more damaging to Tharoor in 2010 when the head of India's cricket league tweeted out a list of the owners of a new team in Kochi, which included a female friend of Tharoor who had allegedly received a free stake in the franchise through his political maneuvers. Tharoor denied wrongdoing but was forced to resign as foreign minister. He still sits in Parliament, though, and regularly updates his Twitter feed.

PAUL KAGAME

The tweeter: President of Rwanda

The tweets:

@ianbirrell: No-one in media, UN or human rights groups has the moral right to criticise me, says despotic & deluded @PaulKagame http://on.ft.com/kfJyia 

@ianbirrell: Kagame refused to even answer if he is a religious believer. When asked, he replied 'Yes and no.' 

@paulkagame: @ianbirrell. Not you either...no moral right! You give yourslf the right to abuse pple and judge them like you r the one to decide ... 

@paulkagame: @ianbirrell....and determine universally what s right or wrong and what shd be believed or not!!! Wrong u r ...u have no such right .. 

The fallout: The Rwandan president may not quite have realized what he was getting himself into when he engaged in a back and forth on his controversial human rights record with British journalist Ian Birrell. The heated exchange was an almost unprecedented interaction between a journalist and a sitting head of state. Birrell repeatedly pressed Kagame to explain why he thought human rights groups had no right to criticize him and the president continually countered that Birrell's understanding of the human rights situation in Rwanda was flawed. Rwandan Foreign Minister Louise Mushikiwabo also got into the discussion, sticking up for her boss.

At the end of the discussion Birrell concluded, "It is great @PaulKagame engaging with a critic like me on Twitter. Just shame he doesn't allow such debate in Rwanda with his own people."

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