Burma: A military junta, led from 1992 until this year by Gen. Than Shwe, governs Burma by decree, controlling all branches of power, impoverishing the formerly wealthy country, and committing human rights abuses against its population. The junta rejected a landslide defeat in the 1990 elections and kept pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi in captivity until November 2010, just one week after the country's first parliamentary elections since 1990. The election was rigged, political dissidents were arrested in the weeks prior, and voting was canceled in many border regions in an effort to ensure victory for the pro-military party, the Union Solidarity and Development Party. Burma's opposition party, the National League for Democracy, called the elections undemocratic, refused to contest, and was ultimately disbanded by the Burmese government in September 2010. This March, Than Shwe's handpicked successor Thein Sein was sworn in as the new president.