It's been a tough year, and one in which a lot of people around the world might be struggling to find things to be thankful for. In the United States, unemployment remains stubbornly high, growth stubbornly low, and good sense on Capitol Hill stubbornly absent. European debt, meanwhile, looks about as secure as a Las Vegas mortgage. But look more broadly at the state of the world and there's a lot going right -- so give that thanks and pass the gravy.
1. Let's start with the good news … for turkeys: Vegetarianism in the United States may have expanded by as much as two-thirds since 2009. As many as 5 percent of Americans now claim they don't eat meat. From a fowl's perspective, the cloud to that silver lining is that Americans are eating less red meat and more poultry. But the last 20 years have seen meat consumption per capita plateau in developed countries around the world, according to research from the National Institutes of Health. And some of the biggest and fastest-growing developing countries remain comparatively safe places for a gobbler: Forty percent of Indians, for instance, don't eat meat. That's good for the rest of us as well, of course -- in an age where we are trying to use the same land and fewer resources to feed a larger and more affluent global population, a diet that switches out meat for the stuff meat eats is one of the most effective tools we have.
2. People are healthier than ever. According to World Bank data, roughly two million children born this year worldwide will live to their fifth birthday who would have died were mortality rates what they were 10 years ago. And this year has seen further progress in the fight against child mortality -- not least in the effort to vaccinate children everywhere against a growing range of illnesses. A particularly exciting advance was the rollout of a new vaccine for pneumococcal diseases like pneumonia and sepsis, which kill 1.6 million people a year. One selfish reason to cheer this progress in the United States: If we contain a disease worldwide, the misguided evil of parents who refuse to vaccinate their kids against it here at home won't matter as much.
3. The world is richer than it has ever been. Even as stagnation and popular angst gripped the U.S. economy this year, a historically unprecedented decline in levels of absolute poverty continued worldwide. In 1981, half of the developing world was living on less than $1.25 a day. Today, that proportion is less than one-sixth. That's reason enough for cheer in the United States, because those richer people are new consumers of American goods. U.S. exports to the 19 fastest-growing economies worldwide over the past decade grew approximately fivefold.
4. We're getting smarter. Technological and scientific advance in the United States and other developed countries continues at a remarkable pace -- this was the year, after all, that Google premiered a robot that could attend boring meetings in your place, and we discovered 21 more planets orbiting distant stars. And never before have so many people been able to share in that knowledge. Even in Sub-Saharan Africa, the most recent statistics suggest more than three-quarters of primary-age children are enrolled in school. There's a big gap between being in class and learning the three "R's," but it is a powerful step in the right direction. And for all we talk about a crisis of education in the United States, the most recent National Assessment of Educational Progress reported the highest scores since testing began in 1990.
5. We're more peaceful than we used to be. The last decade has seen fewer war deaths than any decade in the past century, as Joshua Goldstein recently observed in Foreign Policy. The United States -- embroiled as it was in two wars and continuing military activities in Iraq -- sadly, did lead the world in overseas combat deaths last year, but at least the troops have begun to come home. On the domestic front, violent crime continued its downward trend through the start of the recession -- from more than 1.8 million reported violent crimes in 1990 to 1.2 million in 2010.