The civil war in Syria is increasingly an urban conflict. On Sunday, August 26, hundreds of residents of the Damascene neighborhood of Daraya were laid to rest, victims of a massacre which has been blamed on Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's forces. Many of the dead had been shot in the head or bore the marks of bayonet wounds. Fighting continues in the flashpoint city of Aleppo, as well, where rebels and the Syrian army have been fighting from neighborhood to neighborhood since the beginning of August. As Justin Vela reported in Foreign Policy, Syrian rebels have made huge gains in the area, but Assad is now pulling out all the stops -- including using fighter jets and helicopter gunships to attack rebel positions -- in the battle for the city, which lies near the border with Turkey. Photographer Adam Dean visited Aleppo from Aug. 6-11 and brought back a rare street-eye view of Syria's brutal civil war.
Above, a rebel Free Syrian Army (FSA) fighter fires on a Syrian army position down an alley in the old city area of Aleppo on Aug. 11.
Adam Dean/Panos Pictures