President Idriss Déby has been in power since leading a military coup in 1990 and was re-elected to another five-year term in 2011. During his time in power, ethnic and political conflict has displaced hundreds of thousands of people, and corruption and mismanagement are rife. The country recently faced a severe food crisis due to rising food prices and a drought. Despite a mildly improved security situation in recent months, rebel groups continue to kill and torture with impunity. In June 2011, the government signed a peace agreement with the rebel group Popular Front for Recovery (FPR) as well as an action plan with the United Nations to end the use of child soldiers by security forces. Last week, a Senegalese court charged former Chadian dictator Hissène Habré with crimes against humanity, the first instance in which an African leader has been charged with such a crime in a domestic court rather than an international tribunal. This past May, army officers and a member of the opposition were arrested after attempting to organize a coup.
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