After decades of civil war, Somalia has one of the highest rates of mental illness in the world. But without a single trained psychiatrist and virtually no resources to provide care, the country is struggling to meet patients' needs. As James Reinl reports for Foreign Policy, one man is attempting to fill the void: Abdirahman Ali Awale, known locally as Dr. Habeb despite his lack of formal medical training, has become one of Somalia's largest mental health care providers, running half a dozen clinics across the country. Here's a look at the inside of his Mogadishu facility.
Above, a patient of Habeb's lies on a mattress on the floor of one of Habeb's mental health clinics on June 16, 2013.
Mohamed Abdulla Hersi, a former member of Somalia's armed forces, reclines on his foam mattress in a crowded mental ward in central Mogadishu.
The 28-year-old son of a Somali parliamentarian, whose ankles and wrists are bound with a television cable, arrives at one of Habeb's clinics in Mogadishu.
A member of Habeb's staff approaches a female patient with chains in hand. Although such restraints are not widely used at Habeb's clinics, it is not uncommon for Somalia's mentally ill to be chained up, sometimes for years.
A young boy lies chained to his bed in one of Habeb's clinics after trying to escape on June 16, 2013.
Anti-psychotic drugs are administered to a patient at one of Habeb's clinics in Mogadishu.
A patient lies in her bed in a crowded female ward at one of Habeb's clinics.
Patients take turns recalling traumatic events from their lives at a group therapy session. Habeb rallies inmates to sing and clap supportively.
Habeb examines a chest x-ray from one of his patients, suspected of having tuberculosis, in the car on his way to a Mogadishu clinic.
A man sits on the ground in central Mogadishu clutching a bunch of khat, a socially accepted but addictive stimulant. Locals say that the man suffers from mental illness, but is not receiving treatment.
A patient walks in circles in the courtyard of one of Habeb's Mogadishu clinics on June 17, 2013.