Note: This slideshow is published in conjunction with Erica Chenoweth's article "The Dissident's Toolkit."
The past few years have been, to put it lightly, tumultuous. Uprisings against dictatorship, financial crises, and discontent with old ways of governing have given people plenty of reasons to take to the streets. But it turns out the world's protesters have more in common than indignation and a desire for change. They also share a surprisingly widespread weapon of choice: pots and pans. In just this past year, protesters across the globe have taken to the streets to pound kitchenware with wooden spoons in a show of civic solidarity.
The pots-and-pans protest tactic was first employed decades ago by dissidents in Chile. They were demonstrating against then-President Salvador Allende's economic policies, which had yielded shortages in essential products and hyperinflation. In what they dubbed "the march of the empty pans," Chileans banged on pots empty of the food that government policies had, it was said, failed to provide. Later, Pinochet's opposition used the same tactic so protesters could voice their dissent from the relative safety of their own homes. That was important, since Pinochet's security service did not exactly tolerate dissent.
Since then, protesters from many other countries have incorporated this tactic -- now known as "cacerolazo" or, to take Canada's poor translation, "the casseroles" -- into their long-term battle plans. Pots and pans, it turns out, make a great multi-use protest tool for women, students, and even the "lazy" -- because, yes, there's even an app for that.
The photos that follow feature just some of 2013's many pots-and-pans protests. Above, a little girl joins the many kitchenware-weilding protesters who flooded the streets of Caracas, Venezuela, after the election of President Nicolás Maduro in April.