One might expect, given last year's headlines across the Middle East -- as well as promising political developments in authoritarian countries from Myanmar to Cuba -- that 2011 was a banner year for freedom. The reality is more complicated.
The march toward openness and democracy in the Soviet Union began under my
great-grandfather, Nikita Khrushchev, flowered under Mikhail Gorbachev, and
has nearly been erased in Vladimir Putin's Russia.